The Syrian government is abusing a 2012 counter-terrorism law to punish the families of suspects by freezing their assets, Human Rights Watch said Tuesday (July 16th), charging it amounted to "collective punishment".
"By penalising people solely on the basis of their family relationship with an accused person, and not on the basis of their individual criminal responsibility, the finance ministry’s implementation of Decree 63 constitutes collective punishment," AFP quoted the HRW report as saying.
Decree 63, part of Syria's counter-terrorism law, allows Damascus to freeze the assets of people pending investigation of terrorism-related crimes, even if they have not yet been charged, according to HRW.
The decree is now being widely used to target families of the accused, putting relatives also at risk, it said.
"Syria is using Decree 63 to authorise abusive and arbitrary practices that rob people of their very livelihoods," said Lama Fakih, HRW's deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa.
The counter-terrorism law, enacted in July 2012, grants the government wide jurisdiction to label "almost any act as a terrorist offence", according to the rights watchdog.
It has been used in the past to criminalise providing humanitarian aid, recording human rights abuses and taking part in peaceful dissent, HRW said.